|spineti greco etruschi
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|Autor:||LISANDER [ Donnerstag 5. Juli 2007, 13:19 ]|
|Betreff des Beitrags:||spina|
ok das weis ich schwarze bucchero
The archaeological discovery of Spina followed step by step the drainage process of the valli (marshes) around Comacchio, now fruitful lands where the intensive agricultural exploitation has almost completely cancelled the traces of their ancient population.
The first to come to light was the necropolis of Valle Trebba (1922-1935), followed by the necropolis of Valle Pega (1954-1960) and finally by the built-up area (drainage of the Valle del Mezzano, 1960).
The town was originally founded on the right bank of the Po river, taking advantage of the irregular shape of a modestly extended high ground emerging from the marshy landscape and maybe flanked by smaller inhabited centres.
Its boundary was backed by huge fences. Piles driven into the clay, foundation beams, fascines, canes and bark drained and backed the land on which dwellings were built. These were made from the basement with a wooden framework and pressed clay. Roofs were also lightweight. Canals and streets, some of which had a cobbled paving, intersected each other amid these buildings, which probably during the late 5th century B.C. were shaped following to a plan which gave the town a regular right-angled lay-out.
The frail and modest appearance of the buildings, demolished and rebuilt several times, also because floods and fires must have been very frequent there, is the dominant feature of the town. Only residential quarters and some commercial areas are known which did not give any idea of monumentality.
Neither had the necropolis itself any sign of monumentality. It stretched, a few kilometres east of the inhabited centre, over sandy dunes close to the sea. The dunes, which developed southwards, were ploughed by the Spinete branch of the Po river and had been formed by the river itself.
Within the burial ground, both the ritual of cremation and interment made the dead to be buried in graves which were sometimes indicated with a tombstone made of marble or limestone (small columns, cippus, more often river stones) without epigraph. Only the slightly wider size of the grave and the number or the value of the objects accompanying the dead on their journey to the Hereafter or adorning their clothes or corpses stood as a sign of estate and wealth, unlike other places where this status was expressed through a magniloquent external apparatus.
The wealth of these graves is therefore that of their equipment, mainly composed of figured and non figured Attic vessels belonging to the 5th and 4th century B.C., followed by moulded and laminated bronzes (candelabra and vases with several shapes), perfume bottles made from glass and alabaster chalk, amber and gold jewels, the more modest but no less important pottery of local craftsmanship and the furnishings which were brought to Spina from other peninsular areas (Veneto, the South of Italy and Sicily, Etruria) and from some Greek regions (Corinth and Beozia for example).
The town, a centre for the storage and merchandising of the goods close to the sea, on the banks of the river, was therefore a characteristic expression of the strong and far-reaching political and economic power exercised by Etruscans over the eastern part of the Po Valley and its 'Hellenism' was the result of an extensive and widespread assimilation of the Attic culture.
The history of Spina, short and intense, lasted less than three centuries. It was founded in fact at the end of the 6th century B.C., reached the height of economic development in the period between the second half of the 51h century and the first quarter of the 4th century B.C. and totally declined in the 3rd century B.C., being the last bulwark in the northern Etruria which surrendered to the pressure of the Gallic peoples.
The National Archaeological Museum of Ferrara now revives these topics by presenting, in the six newly opened rooms on the first floor, samples of the materials coming from some of the most interesting graves of the necropolis.
They are arranged in chronological order starting from the most ancient period and, looking at them in relation to the other objects, exhibited in full, you can see the change of habits through filtering the different social roles played by each individual in the community. And even more emblematic - standing as a sign of their wealth and their culture - is the presence of the huge vases, which are the result of the creativity of the most renowned and active masters of the Kerameikos period. Their epic and, mythological representations cast a shadow with their commemorative language over the events of politics and power of Athens today.
|Autor:||Susanna [ Donnerstag 5. Juli 2007, 13:43 ]|
|Betreff des Beitrags:|
Aber da ist ja jetzt kein Vergleich zu den Repliken dabei, oder!?
|Autor:||LISANDER [ Donnerstag 5. Juli 2007, 17:22 ]|
|Betreff des Beitrags:||spina|
die replik die ich benutze werden von meine frau gemacht und von ein meine jungs die machen das has hobby .
das was wier benutzen wurde auch in spina gefunden oder in der nehe
du kansr auch sachen wo anders finden spina war eine produzion von keramick -salz und getraide da her eine reiche stad meine darstellung rolle ist die ein reischen handels man der soldaten als leib garde hat und auch selber als soldat spina vertaidigt da die reiche keramick gegen stende
bald sind auch unsere einfache teller scale und gefese fertig und dan auch andere sache wie medizinische instrumenten und mobel
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